Sculpture

 
The Konark temple with its beautiful carvings in abundance and symmetry of design is rightly regard as one of the best specimens of Human skill and genius in the field of art and architecture. These arts of Konark can be broadly categorized as Decorative, social, religious, conventional and erotic. There are life-like figures of various kinds. On the three sides there are the images of the Sun god on niches. These images are superb works of art. Tools as fine as needless were used for chiseling out such works in all delicacy and accuracy.
scu26.1.jpg (69322 bytes) There are numerous figures of amorous couple on the temple walls. Liberal representation of such erotic figures was a fashion of the age. Not only in Hindu temple, but also in Jain and Budhist monuments such erotic sculptures were being used in decorating the monuments. It is believed that erotic sculptures are helpful in warding off the anger of natural calamities. It is also said that these erotic figures are regarded as specimens of perverse taste. It is also described that the obscene sculptures were meant to rouse in the minds of the visitors, a sense of what is sensual, therefore, avoidable and a sense of what is spiritual therefore desirable, before he was entitled to worship the god
Eroticism is a theme that lavishly occupies almost all segments of the Konark temple. The life size amorous couple, the lascivious Sadhus, the perfect female figures in seductive poses and their bewitching smiles have made Konark a sumptuous feast for the eyes of the visitors. The delight of the flesh in abundance mixed with the bluish supermundane, Konark ranks unrivalled in the domain of romantic art. scu42.1.jpg (66663 bytes)
scu43.1.jpg (50928 bytes) Konark stands with its varied manner to feed the scholars of both art and science. It is not only a monument of historical or archaeological importance, as it seems, it has every potentials to feed the scholars of any school such as Science, Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemestry, Biology, Engineering and also to the Artists, poets, lovers of folk lore and antiquity. Hence any interpretation of any scholar shall definitely fail on the face of the stones of Konark. Therefore the numerous questions of the visitors remain unanswered even to a small piece of stone of the Black Pagoda. In the words of Dr. Rabindranath Tagore - " The Language of Man is here defeated by the Language of stone."
Besides, one can see many other sights e.g. dancing party with musical instruments, beautifully executed doors, Ziraffs eating grapes, meditation of rishis, chamber of the king, beautiful elephants in different moods, camels and snakes. Every portion of the exterior being moulded and chiseled either in the form of abstract geometrical ornament, conventional foliage, mythical animals, fabulous beings half human with serpent coil, figures satanic and figures divine, of every conceivable motif and subject known to the human mind and in a technique which ranges from patterns cut with minute precision of cameo to powerfully modeled groups of colossal size. scu12.1.jpg (43890 bytes)
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Again Percy Brown observes that had the early European visitors reached the Konark just about the time they saw the Taj Mahal, they would have put the Konark and not the Taj Mahal as one of the seven wonders of the world. Every visitors and authors have rightly considered Konark as one of the great wonders of the world.

From peace and agriculture, to war and struggle, men , women and children- an almost endless variety of animals are carved in this temple. The spell of this endless rhapsody of sculptures is so great that the visitor is unable to view the work with a critical eye. Replete with erotic and amorous figures the monument as it is, brings a sensuous beauty and celestial sublimity to happy union.

Konark, is, indeed, a magnificent lyrical epic in stone, narrating the uninhibited joys of love and victory, dedicated to the Master of life, the Sun. Konark is truly a living testimony to speculative, daring and artistic sensibility of the race that one knew how to live, love, worship and create in heroic preparations.

During its life time Konark had won prominence all over the country and many dignitaries like Sri Chaitanya, the Great Vaishnava saint visited the place.

Now Black Pagoda, Konark, preserved by Government of India, stands as a shinning monument of medieval Orissan architecture and is one of the most outstanding architectures of artistic skill. The delight of the flesh in abundance mixed with the bluish superabundance Konark ranks unrivalled in the domain of romantic art. No nicer dream can be dreamt and no better execution than it can be carved out in ivory like precision of hard grained chlorite. As has been rightly described- "Konark is a living testimony to the speculative, daring and the artistic sensibility of a race that once knew how to live, love, worship and create in heroic proportions". Though Konark is now in a state of ruin, still the magnificence of its architecture draws more foreign tourists than any other place in Orissa..

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